However, within this battlefield there are areas of resistance. There is literature to suggest that communities who oppose the repeal of net neutrality have become making their own networks. This is what (MacMillan, 2017) refers to as ‘’mesh networks.’’ (para.5) The idea behind this is that communities can access the internet cheaply and manoeuvre around the major ISPs. MacMillan (2017) explains that ‘‘users of a mesh network pulls bits of information from different nodes.’’ (para.18) This means that there are multiple sources of data to establish connections. An example of this in practice includes a start up in Veniam in Portugal applying sensors to cars in order to create a mesh network. MacMillan (2017) notes that this was achieved through allowing the ‘‘vehicles to connect to Wi-Fi hotspots and to each other to create an internet network.’’ (para.18) This project was run alongside city officials in Porto, Portugal. This demonstrates that there is space for counter moves within the battlefield of net neutrality for those who do not agree with the outcome of the vote. It is an example of how the public can participate within internet culture by inventing and innovating methods to achieve it.

Final post: Net neutrality is a battlefield: Conclusion